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Samos was the birthplace of the Greek philosopher and mathematician Pythagoras, the philosopher Epicurus and the astronomer Aristarchus. The latter was the first to propose that the Earth revolves around the Sun. Follow the footsteps of these learned men and visit archaeological sites such as the Heraeon of Samos, old monasteries and churches, and attend cultural events and festivals. The island is also known for its sweet local wine.


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The island has known indescribable greatness, as it has been a significant intellectual center in the Mediterranean world. The island’s beautiful sanctuaries and philosophical groups enjoyed the esteem of kings, priests and people of letters and learning.
Visit the monasteries of Zoodohos Pigis in Ailiotissa, of Agia Zoni with its significant library and of the Timios Stavros with its impressive throne.
Walk up to the Panagia Sarantaskaliotissa (Our Lady of the 40 Steps), built at the entrance to the so-called cave of Pythagoras, where the great philosopher sought refuge when the tyrant Polycrates decided to kill him.
Go up as far as the waterfalls of Karlovasi. The larger of the two is five metres high and, to enjoy it in all its magnificence, you should walk up the 60 wooden stairs to the clearing with the panoramic view.
On the Archaeological Site of the Pythagorio is what many would call the eighth wonder of antiquity: the Eupalineios Tunnel, a remarkable work by the engineer Eupalinos (6th cent. BC), which enclosed a deep trench that supplied water to the ancient city through a tunnel 1,036 metres long.
Tradition says that the goddess Hera was born and grew up on Samos and for this reason, her sanctuary at the Heraeon is the largest in the ancient world. This, the most significant archaeological site on the island, includes the enormous (length 109 m., width 55 m. and height 25 m.) temple of Hera in the Ionian order (commonly known by the name Kolona owing to the single column that remains standing to this day), the large altar and the sacred road (the road leading from the city, known today as Pythagorieio, to the sanctuary).
The town of Mytilini (14 km. NW of the capital called Vathy) is known worldwide for the significant palaeontological finds in the region. During the prehistoric period, large animals lived on the island, such as the enormous giraffes (Samothiria) that may have originated in Asia Minor,and other rare species of animals. Their bones have been found here and adorn showcases in palaeontological museums in the U.S. and Europe. Some of them, however, are also in the Palaeontological Museum in the town of Mytilini.
Samos is an island with crystal clear, organised beaches, such as Tsamadou and Lemonakia, Votsalakia in Marathokampos, Chrysi Ammos and Psili Ammos where, in the morning, the local people say that you can hear the roosters of Turkey.
Samos is known worldwide for its sweet wine, Moschato. Samiot wine has its own history. The Vatican once owned a wine-making enterprise on the island; today the privilege of making ecclesiastical wine for the Holy Eucharist has been ceded by the Catholic Church. The Moschato wine of Samos has a special place in the French wine market, one of the most demanding in the world, and has received international awards for its rich, fruity aroma.

Source: Visit Greece - The Official website of the Greek Tourism Organisation