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On Chios you’ll explore the famous Mastihohoria, a series of fortified villages built in the 14th century during the period of Genoan rule. Among them, Mesta is a medieval treasure with a turreted castle, ancient churches and magnificent stone houses joined together by arches. Here you can enjoy delicious dishes cooked with mastic or taste the local specialty called “soumada”, a traditional drink made of almonds. Rich history, numerous museums and religious feasts reveal this island’s long tradition of history and culture.


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The Castle of Chios dominates the city’s port, and boasts 11 centuries of life. Inside it is the tomb of the Turkish admiral Kara Ali, who in 1822 ordered the Slaughter of Chios, for which he was punished by Constantinos Kanaris.
Built in the middle of the island’s east side, the town of Chios (also called Hora) is in visual contact with the coast of Asia Minor, on a site that suggests close relations with Ionia. Archaeological finds prove that the island has been inhabited since 6,000 BC. The town of Chios was built by Ionians just before 1,000 BC.
Thus the history of Hora is more than 3,000 years old. Throughout its long life, it has known periods of both prosperity and decline.
Today it is a lively city, with financial, shipping and commercial activity, as well as educational and intellectual activity, since it has schools at all levels of education, libraries (Adamantios Korais) and the Homeric Intellectual Centre.
Even though the disaster of 1822, the earthquake of 1881, and the more general reconstruction of the postwar decades have left none of the city’s historic architectural features unaffected, it retains many interesting points for the visitor, both in the center and in its surrounding districts.
From the center of the square, Kennedy Road leads to the official gate of the medieval castle of Chios. Construction of the fortress dates to the late 10th but mainly to the 11th century, on the approximate site of the ancient city and near the port. The castle, which has been inhabited constantly from the time it was built to the present day, has the features of an old inhabited fortress.
The city’s main road, called Aplotariá, extends south of the square. The road crosses the nucleus of the old town, which maintains to this day the greater part of its commercial traffic, with many shops, making it a noteworthy market. Most of the buildings along Aplotaria date to the 19th and early 20th century, and were originally aristocratic residences. Toward the end of Aplotaria, and heading east, a road leads to the Gymnasium which was established in 1792, to the Cathedral, and to the Korais Library which contains 135,000 books, and has an Art Gallery and Folk Museum on its top floor.

Source: www.chios.gr