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Tilos has a rugged mountainous landscape, densely forested regions, hilly vistas and verdant valleys that are home to four hundred species of flowers and herbs; it is also a habitat for rare species of birds. These are the components of an unparalleled destination and its huge ecological park. Livadia is the island’s port and largest settlement, with small hotels and rooms to let. If you want to swim, you should head to Erystos coast, which has a sandy beach almost 2 km long. It’s also worth visiting Mikro Horio, which was deserted by its inhabitants in 1970.


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Tilos is an island with rough, mountainous heights but also verdant hills and valleys, in which 400 species of flowers and plants grow, and many species of rare birds (eagles, hawks, nightingales, cardinals, herons, bee-eaters etc.) live. It has picturesque villages and enchanting beaches. Europe’s last elephants lived here: the dwarf elephants that appeared about 45,000 years ago and disappeared some 4,000 years ago.
The entire island is an enormous ecological park protected by international treaties.
In antiquity, Tilos was famed for its herbs and was very prosperous during the classical period. That was when the famous poetess Erinna lived on the island.
Megalo Horio is the island’s capital, located 7 km NW of the port. It stands out for its spare island architecture of stone-built houses. At the top of the hill is a medieval castle built on the site of ancient Tilos.
Megalo Horio hosts an archaeological museum with palaeontological finds from the cave of Harkadio and a small archaeological collection with pottery, inscriptions and sculptures etc. from various regions of the island.
Other sights include the medieval castle where the remains of a Hellenistic acropolis have been preserved, together with the church of the Archangel Michael. It is accessed by a path that offers a fabulous view.
In the Harkadio cave, the remains of dwarf elephants and deer, Neolithic pottery and stone tools were found in 1971. Above the cave is the castle of Mesaria (1366) containing the ruins of houses and Byzantine churches.
In the Palaeontological Collection are exhibited the bones of dwarf elephants, drawings, photographs and other information about the excavations of the Harkadio cave.
The Byzantine monastery of Agios Panteleimonas (15th cent.) is located in a verdant region with giant cypress and plane trees. Byzantine wall paintings (13th cent.) have been preserved, as has a carved wooden icon screen (18th cent.)
Tilos is an island full of paths leading to beaches that are inaccessible by road (Lethra, Skafi etc.) to lovely old churches (Panagia Politissa, Taxiarchis etc,) and to mountain tops with a superb view (peak of Mt. Amali and Prophitis Ilias),
The castle was built by the Knights of St John on the site of the island’s ancient acropolis, Inside it, water tanks and the ruins of buildings have been preserved, as well as the semi-demolished church of the Taxiarchis, built on the site of the ancient temples of Zeus Polieos and Athena Poliados.

Source: www.tilos.gr