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According to the myth, the name Salamina (Salamis) was given to the island by Kychreas in honour of his mother Salamis, one of the five daughters of the river god Asopos. If you want to swim, visit the south side of the island, where the beaches are cleaner. The most popular beaches are Selínia, Kanákia, Faneroméni, Saterlí and Kakí Vígla.


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It has an area of 93.5 km.2, coasts 104 km. long, a population of 39,000 and is 1 nautical mile from Perama. Salamina was the homeland of Homer’s Ajax and of the tragedian Euripides, as well as the residence of the poet Angelos Sikelianos and was visited by the chieftain Georgos Karaiskakis. Salamina was the result of its geographical position at the crossroads of cultures and the location of significant events. According to mythology, the island took its name from the nymph Salamina, daughter of the river Asopos. She fell in love with the god Poseidon, and their son Kychreas – half man and half fish, according to the myth – was the first king of the island. The second name was derived from Cape Kolouris where the ancient town was built.
Salamina was inhabited in the Neolithic era. In the archaic period, it evolved into a significant Hellenic financial and commercial centre. The greatest event in its history was the well-known naval battle that took place in its straits in 480 BC, in which the ancient Greeks defeated the Persian fleet.
Ancient authors refer to two cities on the island of Salamina, Ancient and Homeric Salamina. The latter was on the south side of the island; the ancient city was in the region that is called today Kynosoura and is on the nearby smaller peninsula on which today is Kamatero and part of Ambelaki. There were also impromptu monuments of Artemis, Zeus and the Fates, as well as a theatre and a strong port with shipbuilding facilities that are visible to the present day.
The town of Salamina (Koulouri): Although modern, the capital of the island retains its traditional nature, lent by the interesting neoclassical buildings and picturesque corners with a strong island character.
Paloukia, located: on the NE side of the island (opposite Perama of Piraeus), is the island’s port. Crossing the Akti Karaiskaki, you arrive at the port of Koulouri, with its splendid palm trees.

Source: Visit Greece - The Official website of the Greek Tourism Organisation