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LEROS

In ancient times, Leros was the island of Artemis, mythological goddess of forests and hunting. If you want to spend peaceful holidays in a clean, dream-like environment with pine trees, olive groves and plains with freshwater streams, Leros is the place for you.

LEROS

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The history of Leros begins in the Neolithic period. In antiquity it belonged to the Ionian region, and in the Early Christian period (5th – 7th cent.), settlements were built on the island’s coasts. In ancient times, Leros and Kalymnos were referred to as the Kalydniai islands or Kalydnia. It is speculated that the name was derived from the word levros which meant smooth and regular, because – contrary to mountainous and rocky Kalymnos – Leros was flat and fertile. From 1309 to 1522, the island was under the sovereignty of the Knights and then that of the Turks. In 1912, the period of Italian rule began. Leros was finally united with Greece in 1948. During the Civil War and the dictatorship (1967-1974), it was used as a place of exile.
The settlement of Agia Marina is the capital of the municipality; its town plan is made up of three communities or neighborhoods: Agia Marina on the north coast of the island’s central section, Platanos on the isthmus between the Castle hill and the Merovigli hillock, and Panteli in a cove on the gulf of the same name. It has a noteworthy port, which is sometimes used by passenger ships when weather conditions do not permit them to approach the island’s main port at Lakki.
The most important bays are that of Lakki – the island’s largest and one of the safest ports in the Mediterranean, which, during the Italian occupation of the Dodecanese, was called Portolago and was used as a naval station owing to its physical suitability; the shallow bays of Partheni, with three consecutive inlets, and that of Plefouti, both of which are protected from the north winds; the islets of Strongyli and Archangelo function as natural breakwaters. Also noteworthy are the bays at Alida, Xerokampos and Panteli; on smaller bays on all coasts, there are beaches ideal for swimming.


Source: www.leros.gr