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AEGINA

The island of Aegina is one of Greece’s most popular tourist destinations as it is the closest island to Athens (just 16.5 nautical miles from the port of Piraeus). According to myth, the island was named after the daughter of the river god Asopos, a nymph with whom Zeus fell in love and took with him to the island! Aegina is ideal for family vacations, owing to its fine, smooth beaches. It is the perfect getaway from Athens, while remaining an original island experience.

AEGINA

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An island with a long history, Aegina has played a significant role at many points in Greek history, as it was the seat of the first government of the newly constituted Hellenic state (1828).
The Argosaronic island with the largest area, Aegina is particularly picturesque with clean seas, monasteries, significant archaeological sites, an enchanting capital and lovely villages.
It is famous for its pistachios (pistachio trees have been cultivated on Aegina since 1860, with a local variety reputed to be among the best internationally), and for its ceramics and lace.
The island has been inhabited since the Neolithic period; during the Bronze Age, Achaians from the Peloponnese settled there. Its greatest period was after the 6th cent. BC when it developed major commercial and shipping activity, established colonies and minted its first coinage. In 456 BC it was taken over by the Athenians and then by Spartans, Thebans, Macedonians and Romans.
Frequent pirate raids resulted in the population moving to the steep hill of Palaiohora, which was destroyed in 1537 by the pirate Barbarossa. Then the inhabitants of Aegina returned to the port. In 1826 the Administrative Committee of the Government sought refuge in Bourtzi (Nauplio), under pressure from the military men. In November of 1826, they moved to Aigina. In August 1826, the Anti-Government Committee arrived and after almost six months, the island hosted the swearing in of Greece’s governor, Kapodistrias. The buildings associated with this period are many, which you will see as you stroll through the city.

Source: Visit Greece - The Official website of the Greek Tourism Organisation